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China's African Trade Takeover

This article is published in collaboration with Statista

by Martin Armstrong

In 2000, China was the leading source of imports for only a few African countries: Sudan, Gambia, Benin and Djibouti. But as this infographics shows, 20 years later the Asian superpower is now the top supplier of goods for over 30 nations on the continent.

The China-Africa connection has been fostered intensely over the last two decades. As reported by Statista's research expert for Angola, Kenya and Tanzania, Julia Faria: "The value of Chinese exports to African countries jumped from five billion U.S. dollars to 110 billion". It's not just a one-way street, however: "African exports to China also increased, though at a slower pace. In 2019, total export value to China reached nearly 80 billion U.S. dollars. The growing Chinese demand for raw materials has found a strong supplier in Africa, with exports valued at around 17.5 billion U.S. dollars in 2019."

Far beyond being a simple trade relationship, China has been the largest foreign investor in Africa for a number of years now. Additionally, the country was the source of 25 percent of infrastructure funding in the continent in 2018 - the second highest share that year and only second to the financial commitments from national African governments.

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