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How Are Public Service Broadcasters Financed in Europe?
This article is published in collaboration with Statista
by Anna Fleck
France is scrapping its television license fee after almost 90 years. The €138 ($142) annual charge per household will be replaced by a VAT increase, intended to lessen the burden of taxes on the public in the wake of the cost of living crisis.
It’s a hot topic in Europe, where different approaches of funding Public Service Broadcasters (PSB) have been adopted. For instance, in Germany, public-sector channels ARD and ZDF are mostly funded by license fees, while in Denmark taxes fund the country’s PSBs. In Serbia and Slovakia, PSBs are financed by a combination of public sources, fees and publicity. Most public channels in Europe are also financed by advertising.
The move has stoked debate in France on how the new funding model could impact the independence of public news organizations, since they would rely on the government of the day to decide on their budget. This raises concerns over cuts, and in turn what that means for the quality of content, as well as how that would potentially impact editorial choices in the future. Currently, the French model is only guaranteed until the end of 2024, with critics calling for more concrete long term plans, saying that without dedicated funding further down the line, channels may be forced to close down or privatize.
It’s an issue that resonates with the UK too, since the BBC is currently under review on whether to put an end to the license fee from 2028, when the existing royal charter ends. If the license fee is canceled, alternative options could be either direct government funding, part-privatization, or a subscription service.
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